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French Navy Ships, 1816-1859

Ships of the Line

Frigates

Corvettes

Avisos

Gunboats

Small

Miscellaneous

Transports

Introduction: The French Navy, 1816-1859

List of the French Navy in 1816

Shipfinder
(Use this page to find ships whose names you know.)

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Ships of the Line

Sail ships of the line (1st class, 120 guns)
Improved OCEAN class (1819-54); VALMY (1847); BRETAGNE class (cancelled 1852)

Sail ships of the line (2nd class, 100 guns)
HERCULE class (1836-54)

Sail ships of the line (3rd class, 80-90 guns)
INDOMPTABLE class (80, 1818-31); SUFFREN class (90, 1829-54); TOURVILLE class (90, converted 1852)

Sail ships of the line (4th class, 74 guns)
TEMERAIRE class (1818-31); LA TOUR D'AUVERGNE (cancelled 1852)

Converted screw ships of the line (1st class)
MONTEBELLO (1852); SOUVERAIN (1854); LOUIS XIV (1857); VILLE DE PARIS (1858)

Fast screw ship of the line (1st class)
BRETAGNE (1855)

Converted screw ships of the line (2nd class, 1852-54)
AUSTERLITZ (1852); FLEURUS class (1853-54); ULM (1854); PRINCE JEROME class (1853-54)

Converted screw ships of the line (2nd class, 1857-58)
TAGE class (1857); TURENNE (1858)

Converted fast screw ship of the line (2nd class)
EYLAU (1856)

Fast screw ships of the line (3rd class)
NAPOLEON class (1850-64)

Converted screw ships of the line (3rd class, 1851-53)
CHARLEMAGNE (1851); JEAN BART (1852); TOURVILLE class (1853)

Converted screw ships of the line (3rd class, 1856-59)
BRESLAW class (1856); DONAWERTH class (1857); DUGUESCLIN class (1858-59); FONTENOY (1858)

Converted fast screw ships of the line (3rd class)
ALEXANDRE (1857); MASSENA class (1860)

Fast screw ships of the line (70 guns)
SEBASTOPOL class (cancelled 1858)

Floating batteries
PROTECTEUR class (cancelled 1848); DEVASTATION class (1855); REMPART class (cancelled 1861)


Frigates

Converted sail frigates (1st class, 58 guns)
Razeed 74-gun ships (1821-33)

Sail frigates (1st class, 60 guns, 1825-47)
SURVEILLANTE class (1825-41); IPHIGENIE (1827); TERPSICHORE (1827); DIDON class (1828-47); URANIE (1832)

Sail frigates (1st class, 60 guns, 1847-48)
PERSEVERANTE (1847); VENGEANCE class (1848)

Sail frigates (2nd class, 58 guns)
JEANNE D'ARC class (1820-21); CLORINDE (1821); VESTALE class (1822-25); MARIE THERESE class (1823)

Sail frigates (2nd class, 52 guns)
ARTEMISE class (1828-42); POURSUIVANTE class (1844-47); NEMESIS class (1846-47); ALCESTE class (1837-46)

Sail frigates (2nd class, 50 guns)
AMAZONE class (1853); ASTREE class (converted 1856-58); MAGICIENNE class (converted 1858)

Sail frigates (3rd class, 44 guns)
VENUS class (1816-21); PENELOPE (I) class (1816-23)

Sail frigates (3rd class, 46 guns)
PENELOPE (II) class (1840-47); HELIOPOLIS class (1836-47)

Sail frigates (3rd class, 40 guns)
PSYCHE class (1844-51); ALGERIE (1848); CERES (converted 1857); RESOLUE (1863)

Paddle frigates (450 nhp)
INFERNAL (1843); GOMER class (1841); SANE (1847); CAFFARELLI (1847)

Paddle frigates (450 nhp, converted packets)
Converted Packets (1842-44)

Paddle frigates (540-650 nhp)
DESCARTES (540 nhp, 1844); VAUBAN (540 nhp, 1845); MOGADOR (650 nhp, 1848)

Fast screw frigates (1st class)
IMPERATRICE EUGENIE class (1856-57); IMPETUEUSE class (1856)

Converted screw frigates (1st class)
RENOMMEE (1858); SEMIRAMIS (1861); PALLAS (1860); VICTOIRE (1861); GUERRIERE (1860)

Converted screw frigates (2nd class, 1856-58)
DANAE (1856); ZENOBIE (ca. 1858); BELLONE (1858); PANDORE (ca. 1858)

Converted screw frigates (2nd class, 1859-69)
MAGICIENNE class (1861-62); HERMIONE class (1860-61); ASTREE (1859); CIRCE class (1860-69)

Mixed-propulsion screw frigate (3rd class)
POMONE (1845)

Fast screw frigate (650 nhp)
ISLY (1849)

Converted screw frigates (3rd class)
CLORINDE (1857); ARMORIQUE (1862); RESOLUE (1872)


Corvettes

Sail spardeck corvettes (26-28 guns)
ESPERANCE (26 guns, 1817); POMONE class (28 guns, 1821-22)

Sail spardeck corvettes (32 guns)
HEROINE (1830); ARIANE class (1830-37); THISBE (1830); CORNALINE class (1834)

Sail spardeck corvettes (30 guns)
BAYONNAISE class (1846-49); ARTEMISE class (1846-49); GALATEE class (1845-49); CONSTANTINE (1851); AVENTURE class (1852-70)

Sail corvettes (24 guns)
CREOLE class (1829-34); NAIADE (1830); BLONDE (1832); FAVORITE class (1829-32)

Converted sail corvettes (28 guns)
Razeed 44-gun frigates (1833-41)

Converted sail corvettes (24 and 14 guns)
Converted transports (reclas. 1845)

Paddle spardeck corvette (1st class, 320 nhp)
CUVIER (1842)

Paddle corvettes (1st class, 320 nhp)
PRONY (1847); COLBERT (1848)

Paddle corvettes (1st class, 400 nhp)
CATINAT (1851); BERTHOLLET (1850)

Paddle corvettes (2nd class, 220 nhp, 1838-43)
VELOCE class (1838-41); PHOQUE class (converted packets, 1842); ELAN class (converted packets, 1843); ARCHIMEDE (1842)

Paddle corvettes (2nd class, 220 nhp, 1844-49)
CASSINI (1845); TITAN (1844); NEWTON (1848); LABORIEUX (1848); SOUFFLEUR (1849)

Paddle corvettes (2nd class, 300 nhp)
COLIGNY (1850); EUMENIDE (1848); GORGONE (1848); TANGER class (1849-51)

Screw corvette (1st class, 320 nhp)
COMTE D'EU (1846)

Screw corvettes (1st class, 400 nhp, 1850-53)
ROLAND (1850); PHLEGETON class (1852-53)

Screw spardeck corvettes (1st class, 400 nhp)
D'ASSAS (1854); DU CHAYLA (1855)

Screw corvettes (1st class, 400 nhp, 1861)
DUPLEIX (1861); COSMAO (1861)

Screw corvettes (2nd class, 220-260 nhp)
CHAPTAL (220 nhp, 1845); CATON (260 nhp, 1847)


Avisos

Sail corvette-avisos (18 guns)
DILIGENTE class (1823-29)

Sail brigs (18 guns, 1822-24)
DRAGON class (1822-24)

Sail brigs (20 guns)
CYGNE class (1825-33)

Sail corvette-avisos (20 guns)
CAMILLE class (1830-38)

Captured sail corvette-aviso (16 guns)
IGUALA (captured 1838)

Sail brigs (18 guns, 1842-63)
GENIE class (1842-63); OLIVIER (1844); MERCURE (1842); ABEILLE (1844)

Sail brigs (14 guns)
FAUNE (1847); CHASSEUR (1848); ENTREPRENANT (1849); OBLIGADO (1850)

Sail schooner-brigs (16 guns)
GAZELLE class (1822-41)

Sail brig-avisos (10 guns)
AGILE (1843); ROSSIGNOL (1843); PANDOUR (1843); LEGER (1844)

Sail brig-avisos (6 guns)
ZEPHYR class (1848); FABERT class (1848); RUSE class (1848)

Paddle avisos (1st class, 160 nhp, early)
NAGEUR class (1827-28)

Paddle avisos (1st class, 160 nhp, 1829-40)
SPHINX class (1829-39); TENARE (1840)

Paddle avisos (1st class, acquired)
ECLAIREUR class (acquired 1833)

Paddle avisos (1st class, 160 nhp, 1844-46)
BRANDON (1846); NARVAL class (1844); SOLON (1846)

Paddle avisos (1st class, 180 nhp)
DAUPHIN class (1846-47); PETREL (1846); REQUIN (1847)

Paddle avisos (1st class, 200 nhp, 1847-48)
MOUETTE (1847); HERON (1847); GOELAND (1848); PHENIX (1848); ECLAIREUR class (1847-48)

Paddle aviso (1st class, 200 nhp, 1849)
MILAN (1849)

Paddle avisos (1st class, ex postal)
SESOSTRIS (acquired 1851); ANTILOPE (acquired 1855); CHAMOIS (acquired 1855)

Paddle aviso (1st class, 160 nhp, 1859)
CASABIANCA (1859)

Paddle avisos (2nd class, early)
COUREUR class (80 nhp, 1823); BRASIER (100 nhp, 1833)

Paddle aviso (2nd class, acquired)
VILLE DU HAVRE (acquired 1828)

Paddle avisos (2nd class, 80 nhp)
FLAMBEAU (1837); GALIBI (1841); VOYAGEUR (1841); ALECTON (1843)

Paddle aviso (2nd class, 120 nhp, 1842)
COMTE D'EU (VEDETTE) (1842)

Paddle avisos (2nd class, 100 nhp, 1846-48)
ANACREON (1846); AVERNE (1848)

Paddle avisos (2nd class, 120 nhp, 1849-51)
DAIM class (1849); GALILEE class (1850-51)

Paddle aviso (2nd class, ex postal)
AJACCIO (acquired 1850)

Paddle avisos (2nd class, 100 nhp, 1858)
ABEILLE class (1858)

Screw avisos (1st class, 200 nhp)
LUCIFER class (1853); AIGLE (1853)

Screw avisos (1st class, 250 nhp)
MONGE (1859); FORBIN (1859); FORFAIT (1859); CASSARD (1859)

Screw avisos (2nd class, 120 nhp, 1846-48)
SALAMANDRE (1847); PASSE PARTOUT (1846); PELICAN (1847); ARIEL (1848)

Mixed-propulsion corvette-avisos (120 nhp)
BICHE (1848); SENTINELLE (1848)

Screw avisos (2nd class, ex postal)
CORSE (acquired 1850); FAON (acquired 1855)

Screw avisos (2nd class, 120 nhp, 1852-59)
MARCEAU class (1852); BOUGAINVILLE (1859)

Screw avisos (2nd class, 150 nhp)
PREGENT class (1857); SURCOUF class (1858); D'ESTAING class (1859-60); LAMOTTE-PICQUET class (1859-63)


Gunboats

Screw gunboats (1st class)
ALARME class (1855); COMETE (1859)

Screw gunboats (2nd class)
POUDRE class (1855); DECIDEE class (1862-63); KENNEY class (1863-64); DILIGENTE (1864); ASPIC class (1866)


Small

Sail gun-brigs (4-8 guns)
ALSACIENNE class gun-brigs (8 guns, 1823-24); TACTIQUE class gun-brigs (4 guns, 1839-44)

Large sail schooners (6 guns)
IRIS class large schooners (1818-44)

Sail mortar vessels
VESUVE class (1825-28); BOMBE class (1855)

Small colonial paddle avisos (early)
VOYAGEUR class (32 nhp, 1819); CAROLINE (50 nhp, 1823); SERPENT (40 nhp, 1826); AFRICAIN (40 nhp, 1832)

Small paddle avisos
REQUIN (32 nhp, 1828); REMORQUEUR (40 nhp, 1832); RAMEUR (60 nhp, 1831); RAPIDE (60 nhp, 1841)

Small colonial paddle avisos (60 nhp, 1836-43)
COURSIER (1836); EREBE (1837); ERIDAN (1843)

Small paddle avisos (acquired)
CHACAL class (acquired 1844); RUBIS (acquired 1844); LIAMONE class (acquired 1844)

Small colonial paddle avisos (30-40 nhp)
SERPENT class (30 nhp, 1843); SERPENT class (30 nhp, 1852-54); GRAND BASSAM class (40 nhp, 1852-53)

Small colonial paddle avisos (20-25 nhp)
GUET N'DAR (20 nhp, 1848); OYAPOCK (20 nhp, 1852); AKBA class (20 nhp, 1854); ECONOME class (25 nhp, 1855); CROCODILE class (20 nhp, 1858); ARCHER class (20 nhp, 1859)

Small colonial paddle avisos (60 nhp, 1852-58)
MARABOUT (1852); DIALMATH class (1855); AFRICAIN class (1858)

Small screw avisos
PINGOUIN (colonial, 30 nhp, 1844); RODEUR class (60 nhp, 1855); LABOURDONNAYE (colonial, 35 nhp, 1856)


Miscellaneous

Screw gun launches
ALERTE class (1855); No.1 class (1859); No.11 (1859); No.12 class (sectional, 1860-61)

Screw sectional floating batteries
No.1 class (1859); No.6 class (1864)

Screw armored gunboat (acquired)
TORTUE (acquired 1862)


Transports

Sail corvettes de charge (large transports)
MEUSE class (800 tons, 1825-45); MOSELLE class (800 tons, 1848)

Sail gabarres (small transports)
PREVOYANTE class (380 tons, 1834-43); PERDRIX class (600 tons, 1840-41); Miscellaneous (925-300 tons, 1817-42)

Screw transports (large)
LOIRE class (1200 tons, 1855); SEINE (1200 tons, 1856); JURA class (1200 tons, 1858-59); ALLIER class (1200 tons, 1861-63); SARTHE class (1200 tons, 1862-68); EUROPEEN (2350 tons, 1859); WESER (2500 tons, 1859); JAPON (2300 tons, 1859)

Screw transports (small)
ZELEE (200 tons, 1853); LOIRET class (300 tons, 1856); ADOUR class (900 tons, 1856); SEVRE class (900 tons, 1857); MOSELLE (900 tons, 1859)