U. S. NAVY BUILDING PROGRAMS DURING WORLD WAR II: FY 1939-41


WARTIME CANCELLATIONS

December 1940: Cancellations resulting from December 1940 reorders

2 CL and 7 DD were cancelled when the orders for their construction were transferred to other builders using new hull numbers. CL 84 and 88 and DD 523-25, 542-43, and 548—49 were cancelled on 16 Dec 40. They were replaced in the building program by CL 99-100, DD 602-04, 605/11, and 612/17.

February 1941: Cancellation of experimental destroyers

4 DD were cancelled when the Navy abandoned the small experimental designs to which they were to have been built. DD 503-06 were cancelled on 10 Feb 41. They were replaced in the building program by DD 645-48 (Gleaves class).

April-May 1942: Cancellations and suspensions due steel shortage

1. SECNAV on 20 May 42 directed the suspension of 5 BB and 4 CB. The VCNO on 28 May 43 directed cancellation of all but one CB as part of the 1945 building program. BB 67-71 were cancelled on 21 Jul 43 and CB 4-6 were cancelled on 24 Jun 43. CB-3 was suspended in May 42 and resumed under the May 43 directive.

2. The VCNO on 27 Apr 42 directed the cancellation of 50 AM, 56 PCE, and 10 APM. AM 116-213 and 312-13 were cancelled on 7 May 42, PCE 921-76 on 27 Apr 42, and APM 9-18 on 24 Aug 42. In addition, cancellation of 10 AVP was directed in the spring of 1942. AVP 58-67 were cancelled on 19 Oct 42.

3. The VCNO on 16 Apr 42 directed the cancellation of 11 APR (a new type) because of the saturation of design facilities. APR 1-11, never ordered, were officially cancelled on 12 Mar 43.

June 1942: Cancellation of Cross—Channel Landing Operation, Acceleration of Escort Program

On around 26 Jun 42 the cancellation of 100 LST and 30 LCT was directed. LST 85—116, 142—56, 182—96, 232—36, 248—60, 296—300, and 431—45 were cancelled on 16 Sep 42 and LCT 89-118 were cancelled on 8 Jul 42.

August 1942: Presidential hold on CVB-41 class

President Roosevelt on 12 Aug 42 placed a hold on construction of 4 CVB (41-44). He wanted to build the smaller carriers in the program first. On 29 Dec 42 he allowed construction of CVB 41—42 (VCNO directive 4 Jan 43). CVB 43-44 were cancelled on 11 Jan 43. CVB—43 was reinstated on 26 May 43 under the 1945 building program.

September 1942: Reduction in LCIL program

On around 23 Sep 42 the cancellation of 48 LCIL was directed. LCIL 49-60, 137—60, and 197-208 were cancelled between 31 (30?) Oct and 6 Nov 42.

October 1942: Cancellation of APc not on order (LCIL more suitable)

VCNO on 3 Oct 42 directed the cancellation of 15 APc. APc 80—84, 99-100, 104—07, and 112—15 were cancelled on 3 Oct 42.

February 1943: Revision of submarine tender program

The Auxiliary Vessels Board on 20 Feb 43 in its report #64 (AVB#64) directed the cancellation of 1 AS. AS-23(1) was cancelled on 31 Jul 43. This ship was to have been built between the 1943 and 1944 CVE programs at Todd Tacoma, an undesirable arrangement. She was replaced by the acquisition of AS 23(2)—26.

April 1943: Curtailment of AVP program (due shortage of diesels, etc.)

VCNO on 10 Apr 43 directed the cancellation of 6 AVP. AVP 42-47 were cancelled on 10 Apr 43. Under the same directive, 4 other AVP became AGP.

August 1943: Initial review and reduction of ASW programs

The VCNO on 25 Aug 43 directed the reduction of the ASW shipbuilding effort. On 13 Sep 43 the VCNO directed cancellation of 205 DE and 40 PC. On 1 Sep 43 the Undersecretary of the Navy directed the cancellation of all 72 SC of the 16 Apr 43 directive, but on 1 Oct 43 VCNO directed retention of 35, resulting in the cancellation of 37 vessels. In late September 1943 the cancellation of 36 PCS was directed. DE 801-1005 were cancelled on 15 Sep 43; PC 1106-18, 1150—66, 1570—75, and 1582—85 were cancelled on 17—25 Sep 43; SC 1494-95, 1500—01, 1509, 1513-16, l518—20, and 1521—45 were cancelled on 1-17 Sep 43; and PCS 1393—95, 1398—1401, 1406-12, 15—16, 27—28, 32—40, 43—44, 47—48, 53—54, 56, and 62—63 were cancelled on 27 Sep—7 Oct 43. The PCS were reordered respectively as YMS 446—81, ships still pending under the directive of 16 Apr 43, by modification of their old contracts.

September 1943: Reduction of DE program to 600 ships: 1st increment

The CNO on 29 Sep 43 directed the cancellation of 100 DE. DE 114-28, 478—507, 647-64, 725—38, 754—62, and 775—88 were cancelled on 2 Oct 43.

October 1943: Further ASW reductions

In around October 1943 the cancellation of 40 PCE was directed. PCE 905-34 and 951—60 were cancelled on 27 Sep 43. The hulls of 905—20 became AM 351—66.

October 1943: Curtailment of YN program

The District Craft Development Board on 2 Oct 43 in its report #36 (DCDB#36) directed the cancellation of 21 YN. YN 103—08, 112, 116—18, and 122—32were cancelled on 2—23 Oct 43

November 1943: Further ASW reductions

CNO on 1 Nov 43 directed the cancellation of 20 PCE/PCER and 20 PC. PCE/R 887—90, 935-50 and PC 1092—1105, 1576-81 were cancelled on 5 Nov 43.

November 1943: Adjustment of LSD program

LSD 22-27 were cancelled at NSY New York on 15 Nov 43 and reordered from NSY New York and NSY Philadelphia in Jan-Feb 44.

January 1944: Lend-Lease account adjustment

In around January 1944 the acquisition of 6 AM under Reverse Lend Lease was directed cancelled. AM 332-33 and 336—39 were cancelled effective 20 Dec 43. They were completed under British account for the Royal Navy.

January 1944: Probable ASW reduction

In January 1944 the cancellation of 4 PF was directed. PF 95-98 were cancelled in Navy records on 19 Jan 44 and by the Maritime Commission (which was building them) effective 31 Dec 43.

March 1944: Reduction of DE program to 600 ships: 2nd increment

The CNO on 10 Mar 44 directed the cancellation of 78 DE. DE 286-300, 311—15, 425—37, 457-77, 512—15, 617—32, 645—46, and 723—24 were cancelled on 12-13 Mar 44.

March 1944: Further ASW reductions (to divert engines to landing craft)

The CNO on 18 Mar 44 directed the cancellation of 6 PCER. PCER 861-66 were cancelled on 21 Mar 44.

May 1944: LCIL replaced by LCSL

The CNO on 12 May 44 directed the cancellation of 70 LCIL and their replacement by LCSL. LCIL 1034~51, 781, 845-59, 929-42, 838-44, 860-65, and 902-10 were cancelled on 5-23 Jun 44. All were reordered as LCSL 61-130 from the same builders on the same dates that the LCIL were cancelled.

May 1944: Reduction of DE program to 600 ships: final (3rd) increment

The CNO on 24 May 44 directed the cancellation of 22 DE. The cancellations were implemented in combination with the next group of DE cancellations.

May 1944: Curtailment of AM program

The CNO on 30 May 44 directed the cancellation of 16 AM. AM 227—31, 236-37, 243-45, 292-93, and 367-70 were cancelled on 6 Jun 44.

June 1944: Cancellation of 35 DE not yet laid down

The CNO on 3 Jun 44 directed the cancellation of 35 DE. A total of 57 DE, including the 22 directed in May, were subsequently cancelled. DE 284—85, 373—81, 451—56, 511, 545—62, and 607—16 were cancelled on 6-10 Jun 44; DE 308-10, 543—44, 751-53, and 772—74, probably suspended in June, were cancelled on 1-5 Sep 44.

July 1944: Curtailment of submarine program

SECNAV on 4 Jul 44 directed the cancellation of 98 SS. SS 356-60, 379—80, 429-74, 495—515, 517-21, 526-44 were cancelled on 29 Jul 44. On 23 Oct 44, SS 353—55 were renumbered SS 435-37 and the cancellation of 29 Jul 44 was shifted from SS 435-37 to SS 353—55.

August 1944: Curtailment of LCIL program

SECNAV on around 3 Aug 44 directed the cancellation of 100 LCIL. LCIL 717-24, 822—37, 885—901, 911—28, and 1099—1139 were cancelled on 19 Aug 44.

September 1944: Cancellation due to backlog of orders at New York Ship

The CNO on 22 Sep 44 directed the cancellation of 4 CL at New York Ship. CL 112-15 were cancelled on 5 Oct 44

October 1944: 2 AV replaced by 2 AD

In early October 1944 the cancellation of 2 AV was directed. AV 19-20 were cancelled on 28 Oct 44. They were replaced in the program by AD 35-36, ordered 8 Nov 44 to a different design from a different builder.

March 1945: Cancellation of 1945 program

President Roosevelt on 22 Mar 45 disapproved the entire FY 1945 shipbuilding program except for 12 CVE. The CNO on 26 Mar 45 thus directed the cancellation of 72 combatants. CV 50-55, CVB 56-57, CA 150-53, CLAA 154—59, DD 891—926 (except 891-3 and 896), and SS 545-62 were cancelled on 26—28 Mar 45. DD 891-93 and 896 had not been reordered from new builders after their cancellations of 8 Mar 45, and these cancellations thus became final.

Copyright © Stephen S. Roberts 2005-2015.