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USS Athene (AKA-22) on 9 October 1944.
Click on this photograph for links to larger images of this class.

Class:        ARTEMIS (AKA-21)
Design:        MC S4-SE2-BE1
Displacement (tons):        4,087 light, 7,080 lim.
Dimensions (feet):        426.0' oa, 400.0' pp x 58.0' e x 16.0' lim.
Original Armament:        1-5"/38 4-40mmT 10-20mm (1944-45: all)
Later armaments:        1-5"/38 1-40mmT 16-20mm (1946-47: AKA-22)
1-5"/38 10-20mm (1946-47: AKA-34/AGS-15);
4-40mmT 6-20mmT (1947-51: AGS 15-16);
none (1958-59: AGS-16); 6-20mmT (1959-61: AGS-15); 3-20mmT (1968-69: AGS 15-16); 4-20mmT (1968-69: ARC 3-4)
Complement:        326 (1944)
Speed (kts.):        16.9
Propulsion (HP):        6,000
Machinery:        Westinghouse turbo-electric, 2 screws

Construction:
AKA Name Ord. Builder Keel Launch Commiss.
21 ARTEMIS 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 23 Nov 43 20 May 44 28 Aug 44
22 ATHENE 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 20 Jan 44 18 Jun 44 29 Sep 44
23 AURELIA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 5 Feb 44 4 Jul 44 14 Oct 44
24 BIRGIT 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 22 Feb 44 18 Jul 44 28 Oct 44
25 CIRCE 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 6 Mar 44 4 Aug 44 10 Nov 44
26 CORVUS 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 4 Apr 44 24 Sep 44 20 Nov 44
27 DEVOSA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 22 May 44 12 Oct 44 30 Nov 44
28 HYDRUS 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 19 Jun 44 28 Oct 44 9 Dec 44
29 LACERTA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 5 Jul 44 10 Nov 44 19 Dec 44
30 LUMEN 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 19 Jul 44 20 Nov 44 29 Dec 44
31 MEDEA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 5 Aug 44 30 Nov 44 10 Jan 45
32 MELLENA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 25 Sep 44 11 Dec 44 20 Jan 45
33 OSTARA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 13 Oct 44 21 Dec 44 31 Jan 45
34 PAMINA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 29 Oct 44 5 Jan 45 10 Feb 45
35 POLANA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 11 Nov 44 17 Jan 45 21 Feb 45
36 RENATE 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 21 Nov 44 31 Jan 45 28 Feb 45
37 ROXANE 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 1 Dec 44 14 Feb 45 12 Mar 45
38 SAPPHO 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 12 Dec 44 3 Mar 45 24 Apr 45
39 SARITA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 22 Dec 44 23 Feb 45 22 Mar 45
40 SCANIA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 6 Jan 45 17 Mar 45 16 Apr 45
41 SELINUR 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 18 Jan 45 28 Mar 45 21 Apr 45
42 SIDONIA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 1 Feb 45 7 Apr 45 30 Apr 45
43 SIRONA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 15 Feb 45 17 Apr 45 10 May 45
44 SYLVANIA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 24 Feb 45 25 Apr 45 19 May 45
45 TABORA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 4 Mar 45 3 May 45 29 May 45
46 TROILUS 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 18 Mar 45 11 May 45 8 Jun 45
47 TURANDOT 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 29 Mar 45 20 May 45 18 Jun 45
48 VALERIA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 8 Apr 45 29 May 45 28 Jun 45
49 VANADIS 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 18 Apr 45 8 Jun 45 9 Jul 45
50 VERITAS 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 26 Apr 45 16 Jun 45 19 Jul 45
51 XENIA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 4 May 45 27 Jun 45 28 Jul 45
52 ZENOBIA 15 May 43 Walsh-Kaiser 12 May 45 6 Jul 45 6 Aug 45

Disposition:
AKA Name Decomm. Strike Disposal Fate MA Sale
21 ARTEMIS 10 Jan 47 25 Feb 47 1 Apr 48 MC/R 16 Aug 66
22 ATHENE 17 Jun 46 1 Aug 47 23 Sep 47 MC/R 2 Feb 66
23 AURELIA 14 Mar 46 19 Jun 46 1 Jul 46 MC/R 10 Jan 72
24 BIRGIT 15 Mar 46 21 May 46 1 Jul 46 MC/R 10 Jan 72
25 CIRCE 20 May 46 5 Jun 46 26 Jun 46 MC/R 7 Jan 64
26 CORVUS 29 Mar 46 19 Jun 46 31 Oct 46 MC/R 7 Dec 64
27 DEVOSA 2 Apr 46 1 May 46 2 Apr 46 MC/R 14 Jul 66
28 HYDRUS 26 Mar 46 12 Apr 46 26 Mar 46 MC/R 30 Mar 64
29 LACERTA 25 Mar 46 1 May 46 30 Jun 46 MC/R 16 Aug 66
30 LUMEN 23 Mar 46 19 Jun 46 5 Nov 46 MC/R 7 Dec 64
31 MEDEA 24 Apr 46 15 Oct 46 29 Oct 46 MC/R 14 Oct 64
32 MELLENA 11 Jun 46 3 Jul 46 11 Jun 46 MC/R 5 May 71
33 OSTARA 1 Mar 46 17 Apr 46 26 Jun 46 MC/R 13 Sep 66
34 PAMINA 1 Aug 69 1 Aug 69 10 Mar 70 MA/S 10 Mar 70
35 POLANA 21 Mar 46 1 May 46 25 Jun 46 MC/R 16 Aug 66
36 RENATE 19 Dec 69 19 Dec 69 10 Aug 73 MA/S 10 Aug 73
37 ROXANE 5 Jun 46 3 Jul 46 29 Jun 46 MC/R 2 Feb 66
38 SAPPHO 23 May 46 15 Oct 46 13 Jan 47 MC/R 12 Aug 65
39 SARITA 29 Jan 47 25 Feb 47 29 Jan 47 MC/R 17 May 66
40 SCANIA 2 Sep 47 16 Sep 47 2 Sep 47 MC/R 17 May 65
41 SELINUR 30 Apr 46 8 May 46 30 Apr 46 MC/R 15 Jul 68
42 SIDONIA 25 Feb 46 17 Apr 46 29 Jun 46 MC/R 7 Dec 64
43 SIRONA 12 Jun 46 3 Jul 46 12 Jun 46 MC/R 17 May 66
44 SYLVANIA 17 Dec 46 7 Feb 47 30 Apr 47 MC/R 7 Jan 64
45 TABORA 29 May 46 3 Jul 46 1 Jul 46 MC/R 16 Oct 64
46 TROILUS 14 Jun 46 19 Jun 46 28 Aug 46 MC/R 17 Apr 67
47 TURANDOT 1985 28 Feb 85 7 May 85 MA/T --
48 VALERIA 18 Mar 46 17 Apr 46 26 Jun 46 MA/R 17 Apr 67
49 VANADIS Apr 74 20 Dec 77 22 Sep 77 MA/S 22 Sep 77
50 VERITAS 21 Feb 46 12 Apr 46 29 Jun 46 MC/R 16 Nov 66
51 XENIA 13 May 46 30 Nov 46 3 Dec 46 Trf. --
52 ZENOBIA 7 May 46 30 Nov 46 9 Dec 46 Trf. --

Class Notes:
FY 1942 (charged against the 1799 Vessels Emergency Construction Act of 6 Feb 42, hence the early FY date). On 8 Aug 42 the loss of a combat loaded transport, GEORGE F. ELLIOT (AP-13), off Guadalcanal underlined the risks of having too many troops and supplies in a single large hull. (This lesson was reinforced in November by the loss of five combat loaded APs in the Northern Africa invasions.) On 30 Sep 42 CominCh sent to VCNO tentative specifications for "small combat loaded transports" and "small combat loaded cargo vessels" and asked for preliminary designs. His 5,000-ton, 380-foot (wl) AK was to carry 85,000 cubic feet of cargo along with 5 troop officers and 183 men at a sustained speed of 15 knots and was to have two sets of triple Welin davits per side holding 12 landing craft. BuShips submitted a preliminary design for this AK on 16 Nov 42.

On 28 Dec 42 CominCh referred to the JCS a program for 32 AP's and 32 AK's of the small combat-loaded type, pointing out that the converted ships then being used were too large (requiring excessive time for unloading), carried more troops than desired in individual combat units (concentrating troops and materials too much on the assault line), and had too much draft for use in many places where campaigns might take place. The number of ships in the program was based on a calculation that the Navy would need 32 each of the small AP's and AK's to replace the 22 large APs and 8 large AKs that it expected to lose in 1943 and 1944. (A large AP had about 14/9ths the capacity of the small one while a large AK had about 4 times the capacity of the small type.) The Navy proposed that the Maritime Commission build the vessels.

On 8 Jan 43 the JCS approved the program for 32 small AP's and 32 small AK's and asked the MC if it could build the ships. The MC agreed on 17 Feb 43 and, upon receipt of a JCS directive of 25 Feb 43, contracted for the ships under its Military Program. The MC produced its S4-SE2-BE1 design for the AKA's, enlarged it to accommodate the only main propulsion machinery that it could readily obtain (a twin-screw turbo-electric plant), and presented it to the Navy on 25 Feb 43. This final design provided for a 6,000-ton, 400-foot (wl) AKA that would carry 90,000 cubic feet of cargo along with 5 troop officers and 200 men at a sustained speed of 16.5 knots on a draft of at most 15.5 feet. In addition to the 12 landing craft in Welin davits the ships were to carry two larger LCM(3)s on deck aft. The AKA-21 class used the same hull and machinery designs as the APA-57 class. The AKA could be distinguished from the APA by its lack of a poop and by its quadruped mainmast with a 30-ton boom to handle the LCM(3)s. On 10 Jan 44 the Auxiliary Vessels Board recommended acquiring the ships by transfer of title from the MC upon their completion. All of these transfers occurred on the ships' commissioning dates.

AKA 21 and 22 supported the July 1946 Bikini tests but, unlike many of the APA-57 class, were not used as targets. Four ships of this class were designated in January 1946 for conversion to surveying ships (AGS) but two of them, AKA-32 and AKA-37, were cancelled on 6 Mar 46. In August 1946 the crew of BOWDITCH (AGS-4) was assigned to man MAURY (AGS-16). Many ships in this class were repaired while in reserve during the mid-1950s under the Maritime Administration's Emergency Ship Repair Program.

Ship Notes:
AKA Name MC# Notes
21 ARTEMIS 1882 To NDRF 1948. Repaired while inactive under the Emergency Ship Repair Program 6 Nov 54 - 9 Feb 55. To buyer 9 Sep 66, scrapped by 10 Jul 68.
22 ATHENE 1883 To NDRF 1947. Repaired while inactive 23 Mar - 8 Jul 55. To buyer 21 Feb 66, scrapped by 12 Jun 67.
23 AURELIA 1884 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 10 Sep - 30 Nov 54. To buyer 21 Mar 72.
24 BIRGIT 1885 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 25 Oct 54 - 18 Jan 55. To buyer 8 Mar 72.
25 CIRCE 1886 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 15 Nov 54 - 25 Jan 55. To buyer 22 Jan 64, scrapped by 24 Nov 65.
26 CORVUS 1887 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 2 Jan - 20 May 55. To buyer 15 Dec 64, scrapped by 15 Aug 66.
27 DEVOSA 1888 Merc. training ship KINGS POINTER 2 Apr 46 - 18 Apr 47, to NDRF 14 May 47 as KINGS POINTER. Repaired while inactive 3 Nov 54 - 5 Jan 55. To buyer 6 Aug 66, scrapped by 5 Aug 68.
28 HYDRUS 1889 Merc. training ship EMPIRE STATE II 26 Mar 46 - 20 Jun 56, when to NDRF as EMPIRE STATE II. To buyer 13 Apr 64, scrapped by 24 Sep 65.
29 LACERTA 1890 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 15 Sep 54 - 5 Jan 55. To buyer 6 Sep 66, scrapped by 9 Dec 66.
30 LUMEN 1891 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 27 Oct 54 - 26 Jan 55. To buyer 17 Dec 64, scrapped by 14 Dec 66.
31 MEDEA 1892 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 28 Jan - 29 Apr 55. To buyer 20 Nov 64, scrapped by 13 Oct 65.
32 MELLENA 1893 Designated for conversion to an AGS 26 Jan 46, cancelled 6 Mar 46. Merc. training ship GOLDEN BEAR II 11 Jun 46 - 5 May 71. To buyer 14 May 71.
33 OSTARA 1894 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 10 Nov 54 - 1 Apr 55. To buyer 4 Oct 66, scrapped by 5 May 67.
34 PAMINA 1895 To AGS-15 and renamed TANNER 15 May 46 (designated for conversion 29 Jan 46, converted by NSY Norfolk Apr-Sep 46). To buyer 3 Apr 70, scrapped by 21 Aug 70.
35 POLANA 1896 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 27 Dec 54 - 26 Mar 55. To buyer 18 Sep 66, scrapped by 20 Feb 67.
36 RENATE 1897 To AGS-16 and renamed MAURY 1 Aug 46 (designated for conversion 26 Jan 46, converted by NSY Norfolk Jul-Nov 46). To NDRF 26 Jun 70. To buyer 11 Jan 74.
37 ROXANE 1898 Designated for conversion to AGS 26 Jan 46, cancelled 6 Mar 46. To NDRF 1946. To buyer 21 Mar 66, scrapped by 28 Feb 67.
38 SAPPHO 1899 To NDRF 1947. To buyer 7 Sep 65, scrapped by 1 Mar 66.
39 SARITA 1900 To NDRF 1947. Repaired while inactive 14 Jan - 6 Apr 55. To buyer 8 Jun 66, scrapped by 13 Oct 67.
40 SCANIA 1901 To NDRF 1947. Repaired while inactive 20 Jan - 25 Mar 55. To buyer 13 Jul 65, scrapped by 23 May 67.
41 SELINUR 1902 Merc. training ship KEYSTONE STATE 30 Apr 46 - 20 Jun 47, to NDRF 21 Aug 47 as SELINUR. Repaired while inactive 23 Jan - 1 May 56. To buyer 9 Sep 68, scrapped by 6 Dec 68.
42 SIDONIA 1903 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 28 Jan - 15 Mar 55, 9 May - 12 Jun 56, and 23 Dec 57 - 27 Jan 58. To buyer 23 Dec 64, scrapped by 23 Jun 65.
43 SIRONA 1903 Merc. training ship YANKEE STATES 12 Jun 46 - 17 Jul 47, to NDRF 29 Jul 47 as YANKEE STATES. To buyer 7 Jun 66, scrapped by 21 May 68.
44 SYLVANIA 1905 To NDRF 1947. Repaired while inactive 13 Sep - 5 Nov 54. To buyer 18 Feb 64, scrapped by 11 May 64.
45 TABORA 1906 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 1 Aug - 26 Sep 55. To buyer 30 Oct 64, scrapped by 12 Mar 65.
46 TROILUS 1907 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 18 Jan - 10 Apr 56. To buyer 17 May 67, scrapped by 26 Sep 67.
47 TURANDOT 1908 Decom. 21 Mar 46, stk. 17 Apr 46, to MC and NDRF 25 Jun 46. Reacq. 4 Nov 54 and designated ARC-3, renamed AEOLUS 17 Mar 55. To MSC from USN 1 Oct 73. Delivered by MA to North Carolina for use as a fish reef 24 Dec 87.
48 VALERIA 1909 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 1 Dec 55 - 8 Feb 56. To buyer 10 May 67, scrapped by 18 Jan 68.
49 VANADIS 1910 Decom. 27 Mar 46, stk. 5 Jun 46, to MC and NDRF 2 Jul 46. Reacq. 14 Apr 55 from MA and designated ARC-4, renamed THOR 14 Nov 55. To MSC from USN 2 Jul 73. To NDRF 31 Jul 75. To buyer 13 Oct 77.
50 VERITAS 1911 To NDRF 1946. Repaired while inactive 17 Nov 55 - 18 Jan 56. To buyer 9 Dec 66, scrapped by 10 Jul 67.
51 XENIA 1912 CNO on 2 Jul 46 authorized transfer to another American government when requested by the Office of the Foreign Liquidation Commissioner. Trf. to Chile as PRESIDENTE ERRAZURIZ. Stk. 1966, sold 1968.
52 ZENOBIA 1913 CNO on 2 Jul 46 authorized transfer to another American government when requested by the Office of the Foreign Liquidation Commissioner. Trf. to Chile as PRESIDENTE PINTO. Hulked 1967.

Page Notes:
AKA        1943
Compiled:        06-Feb-2007
© Stephen S. Roberts, 2002-2007