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UNITED STATES NAVY
TEMPORARY AUXILIARY SHIPS
WORLD WAR I

Photo # NH 105202:  USS Federal in mid-November 1918

Online Library of Selected Images:
-- U.S. NAVY SHIPS --

USS Federal (ID # 3657), 1918-1919.
Originally, and later, S.S. Federal (1918)

Federal, a 6868 gross ton (13,130 tons displacement) freighter, was built at Kearny, New Jersey, as part of the World War I shipbuilding effort. Completed on 11 November 1918, the day the Armistice ended the fighting, the new ship was turned over to the Navy and commissioned as USS Federal (ID # 3657) on 15 November. Operated by the Naval Overseas Transportation Service, she made her maiden round-trip voyage between late November 1918 and late January 1919, carrying cargo to France and from there back to the United States. In March 1919 Federal sailed again with cargo for France and on her return voyage in April brought home over 500 Army medical personnel. On her third voyage, in May and June 1919, she transported hay and oats to Antwerp, Belgium, for the Northern Food Administration and brought a cargo of steel billets back to New York. USS Federal was decommissioned on 17 June 1919 and returned to the U.S. Shipping Board.

Federal remained in the hands of the U.S. Shipping Board until 1937, then became the British freighter Federlock. In December 1941, while on time charter to a Japanese ship operator, she was seized by that nation, becoming Hakusan Maru, and was reportedly lost in August 1942.

This page features all available views concerning USS Federal (ID # 3657) and the civilian freighter Federal of 1918.


Click on the small photograph to prompt a larger view of the same image.

Photo #: None

S.S. Federal
(American freighter, 1918)

Photographed on 27 October 1918 by her builder, Federal Shipbuilding Co., Kearny, N.J.

Source: U.S. National Archives, RG-32-S.

 
Photo #: NH 105202

USS Federal
(ID # 3657)

Probably photographed at the time of her completion and delivery to the Navy in mid-November 1918. This freighter was returned to the U.S. Shipping Board on 17 June 1919.
Note Federal's "dazzle" camouflage.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 41KB; 740 x 520 pixels

 
Photo #: None

S.S. Federal
(American freighter, 1918)

The ship's engine room, looking aft, photographed on 10 November 1918 by her builder, Federal Shipbuilding Co., Kearny, N.J. The ship's double reduction gear is in the center with her turbine to the right and her propeller shaft penetrating the bulkhead at the left. Her machinery was built by General Electric.

Source: U.S. National Archives, RG-32-S.

 
Photo #: None

S.S. Federal
(American freighter, 1918)

The ship's engine room, looking forward, photographed on 10 November 1918 by her builder, Federal Shipbuilding Co., Kearny, N.J. The ship's double reduction gear is in the foreground with the exhaust duct from her turbine behind it and the vertical main steam line from the boiler room to the front end of the turbine in the right background. Her machinery was built by General Electric.

Source: U.S. National Archives, RG-32-S.

 
Photo #: None

General Electric War Emergency Marine Geared Turbine of 2500 H.P.


This type of turbine was fitted to all five of the Federal Shipbuilding EFC Design 1037 freighters acquired by the Navy during World War I (Federal, Liberty, Marne, Mercer, and Piave). Other models, sometimes of very different appearance, were fitted to sisters not acquired by the Navy.

Source: General Electric Review, March 1922, page 154 (Google Books).

 
Photo #: None

S.S. Federal
(American freighter, 1918)

The ship's boiler room photographed on 10 November 1918 by her builder, Federal Shipbuilding Co., Kearny, N.J. She had three single-ended boilers side-by-side, each with three furnaces.

Source: U.S. National Archives, RG-32-S.

 


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Page made 5 August 2007