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USS Anne Arundel on 20 September 1942.
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Class:        ANNE ARUNDEL (AP-76)
Design:        MC C3-Cargo (Federal)
Displacement (tons):        7,980 light, 14,400 lim.
Dimensions (feet):        492.0' oa, 465.0' pp x 69.5' e x 24.0' lim.
Original Armament:        1-4"/50 4-3"/50 8-20mm (1942)
Later armaments:        1-5"/51 4-3"/50 12-20mm (1943);
4-3"/50 2-40mmT 12<20-20mm (1943)
Complement:        438 (1944)
Speed (kts.):        18.4
Propulsion (HP):        8,500
Machinery:        De Laval turbine, 1 screw

AP Name Acq. Builder Keel Launch Commiss.
76 ANNE ARUNDEL 13 Sep 42 Federal SB & DD, Kearny 18 Jul 40 16 Nov 40 17 Sep 42

AP Name Decomm. Strike Disposal Fate MA Sale
76 ANNE ARUNDEL 21 Mar 46 12 Apr 46 21 Mar 46 RTO --

Class Notes:
FY 1943. Subsequent to the decision to acquire ten transports (AP 42-43 and AP 66-73) for the North African landings, CominCh verbally requested that two additional ships be acquired for this purpose. Due to the nature of their intended employment it was felt necessary to man them with naval crews. On 9 Sep 42 the Auxiliary Vessels Board directed acquisition of two WSA ships including MORMACYORK (later ANNE ARUNDEL), a MC C3-Cargo ship, that were already undergoing conversion to modified combat loaded transports by the Army. The "must" items for these conversions were that the vessels be able to run, shoot, hoist and lower landing boats and tank lighters, mess and berth their complements, and have bulk gas and Diesel stowage for fueling the landing craft, plus such other items of a combat loaded transport as might be possible during the limited availability. The Army conversion included the fitting of accommodations for additional troops and the installation of thirty-ton booms and the maximum number of davits for landing craft together with increased fuel stowage capacity for the boats. The Army had taken custody of MORMACYORK at New York from the MC on 19 Aug 42. The Army planned to complete this work on or before 12 Sep 42, at which time it expected the Navy to acquire the ships. The Army conversions did not include accommodations for Navy crews, and the Board recommended that as much additional conversion work as possible be accomplished prior to the time that the ships were needed for operations. In October 1942 ANNE ARUNDEL reported her inventory of boats as 11 LCV and 9 LCP landing craft and 2 LCM tank lighters. She had two Welin davits and carried most of her boats on deck.

Between January and March 1943, Bureau of Ordnance records show ANNE ARUNDEL received a 5"/51 gun in place of her 4"/50 in January 1943, probably during a period of alterations and repairs that the ship underwent at New York in December 1942 and January 1943, and that this gun was removed and 2-40mm twin mounts were added in March 1943. A photograph taken by the New York Navy Yard on 1 May 43, however, shows her with both the 5"/51 and the 40mm twins; the 5"/51 was probably removed soon afterwards. She ended up in mid-1943 with what became the standard armament for transports (both AP's and APA's) whose largest gun as originally converted was a low-angle 4" or 5" weapon. This gun, useless against aircraft, was removed, and instead two 40mm twin antiaircraft mounts were fitted, one between and above the pair of 3"/50 guns at each end of the ship. This change was apparently specific to transports and was not made in other types of auxiliary vessels. It was also not made in transports with a dual purpose (5"/38) gun aft, although these also eventually got 40mm twin mounts.

Ship Notes:
AP Name MC# Notes
76 ANNE ARUNDEL 43 Ex merc. MORMACYORK, ex SEA WOLF (ID-5001E, completed Feb 41). Converted for Army by Robins DD (Todd), Brooklyn, N.Y., 20 Aug 42-20 Sep 42. Merc. MORMACYORK 1946. To NDRF 29 Aug 61. Sold by MA 1 Jul 70, to buyer 23 Jul 70.

Page Notes:
AP        1942
Compiled:        05 Jun 2007
© Stephen S. Roberts, 2002-2007