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USS LST-455 on 7 March 1943
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Images of LST-453 and LST-455 as ARL-40 and ARL-41 are wanted.
Class: REMUS (ARL-40)
Design: Navy LST
Displacement (tons): 2,115 light, 4,100 lim.
Dimensions (feet): 328.0' oa, 316.0' pp x 50.0' e x 11.2' lim
Original Armament: 1-3"/50 1-40mm 6-20mm (1944: ARL-40)
Later armaments: 1-3"/50 1-40mm 11<15-20mm (1944-46: ARL-41);
1-3"/50 6-20mm (1945-46: ARL-40)
Speed (kts.): 11.6
Propulsion (HP): 1,800
Machinery: G.M. diesels, 2 screws
||15 Aug 44
||28 Jul 42
||10 Oct 42
||21 Aug 44
||3 Aug 42
||17 Oct 42
||15 Jul 46
||15 Aug 46
||16 Dec 47
||4 Nov 47
||19 Jul 46
||28 Aug 46
||8 Sep 47
Reclassified to ARL's after service as LST's. After arriving at Brisbane, Australia, on 8 May 43 and before seeing any duty as an LST, LST-453 (the future ARL-40), according to the history written by her crew, was given a three-day availability for a conversion that was of necessity very meager and which consisted of loading but not installing a few pieces of essential equipment. A land base repair unit was ordered aboard to comprise the repair department. Unofficially designated as a repair ship and tender for amphibious craft, LST-453 departed Brisbane on 6 Jun 43 for New Guinea where she tended and repaired LCT's and other small craft. LST-455 (the future ARL-41) was also converted in May 1943 in Australia shortly after arriving there and was further converted by her own crew in New Guinea in June-August 1943. In January 1944 LST-453 was assigned a 400-ton pontoon dry dock, which she towed along every time she changed station.
LST-453 was administratively transferred from the amphibious to the service force on 1 Jul 44. At about this time CominCh formally approved the conversion by forces in the operating area of the two LST's to ARL's, and on 1 Aug 44 CNO designated them ARL 40-41. (In compensation, ARL-25 and ARL-34 were deleted from the stateside conversion program and completed as LST's.) After her reclassification, ARL-40 was further converted by her crew at Woendi Is. between Sep 44 and Jan 45. At Leyte beginning in January 1945 ARL-40 operated two floating drydocks, one 250-ton pontoon dock for LCT's and one 400-ton dock for LCI's and LCS's. When inspected for inactivation the ship, which had not seen a shipyard since March 1943, was described as damaged and worn beyond economical repair. ARL-41 was also described as beyond economical repair in her initial pre-disposal inspection, but she was later considered worth retaining in the reserve fleet and was soon accepted by China under Lend Lease. See PONTUS (AGP-20) for another improvised LST conversion with a somewhat similar history.
||Ex LST-453 15 Aug 44. Commissioned as LST 21 Jan 43. To buyer 16 Dec 47.
||Ex LST-455 21 Aug 44. Commissioned as LST 30 Jan 43. Trf. under Lend Lease to Republic of China as HSING AN (commissioned 5 Nov 47). Sunk by Chinese Communist gunfire in the Yangtse River 24 Apr 49, to PRC as TAKU SHAN.
Compiled: 30 Jun 2007
© Stephen S. Roberts, 2002-2007