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UNITED STATES NAVY
TEMPORARY AUXILIARY SHIPS
WORLD WAR I

Photo # NH 536:  USS Calamares at the New York Navy Yard, 28 June 1918

Online Library of Selected Images:
-- U.S. NAVY SHIPS --

USS Calamares (ID # 3662, later AF-18), 1918-1919 and 1943-1946

Steamship Calamares, a 7782 gross ton refrigerated cargo ship, was built in 1913 at Belfast, Ireland. Chartered by the Army for World War I service, she was turned over to the Navy in April 1918 and placed in commission as USS Calamares (ID # 3662). She was initially employed as a troop transport, making five voyages to France for this purpose. In October 1918 she was assigned to the Naval Overseas Transportation Service, which used her to carry provisions from the U.S. to France on three more trips. Calamares was returned to transport duty in March 1919 and made five voyages bringing more than 10,000 U.S. service personnel home from the former war zone. The last of these trips was completed in mid-August 1919. USS Calamares was decommissioned a month later and returned to her owner, the United Fruit Company.

In December 1941, after more than two decades as a merchant steamer, Calamares was reacquired by the Navy for use during the Second World War. Following conversion to a storeship she was commissioned in April 1943 as USS Calamares (AF-18). Her first World War II trip was from the West Coast to the south Pacific and back between April and August. After several months of operations between the U.S. and Hawaii, she went back to the south Pacific in November 1943 and operated there and in the western Pacific for the rest of the conflict. When the fighting ended in August 1945, Calamares remained in the Far East, supporting occupation efforts into 1946. She then steamed to the U.S. East Coast, where she was decommissioned in April 1946 and turned over to the Maritime Commission. The ship was sold for scrapping in December 1947.

This page features, and provides links to, all the views that are available concerning USS Calamares (ID # 3662, later AF-18).

For more images related to this ship, see:

  • USS Calamares (AF-18, previously ID # 3662) -- Overall Views taken during the World War II Era; and
  • USS Calamares (AF-18, previously ID # 3662) -- On Board and Close Up Views taken during the World War II Era.


    Click on the small photograph to prompt a larger view of the same image.

    Photo #: NH 536

    USS Calamares
    (ID # 3662)

    At the New York Navy Yard, 28 June 1918, showing her pattern camouflage scheme.
    The barge Pearl is alongside. At far right is the barge Socony No. 86, with the smokestack of tug Socony 4 visible along her starboard side.

    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

    Online Image: 99KB; 740 x 605 pixels

     
    Photo #: NH 911

    USS Calamares
    (ID # 3662)

    At the New York Navy Yard, 28 June 1918, showing her pattern camouflage scheme.
    The tug Socony 4 is at right.

    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

    Online Image: 91KB; 585 x 765 pixels

     
    Photo #: NH 104951

    USS Calamares
    (ID # 3662)

    Leaving Pauillac, France, 29 November 1918, "with first load of Sailors to come back since Armistice was signed".
    The original photograph is printed on a post card mailed at Hoboken, New Jersey, on 14 May 1919. See Photo # NH 104951-A-KN for the reverse side of this card.

    Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2007.

    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

    Online Image: 55KB; 740 x 470 pixels

     
    Photo #: NH 104951-A-KN (color)

    USS Calamares (ID # 3662)

    Reverse side of a postcard, mailed at Hoboken, New Jersey, on 14 May 1919, whose front features a photograph of Calamares leaving Pauillac, France, on 29 November 1918.
    See Photo # NH 104951 for the front side of this card.

    Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2007.

    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

    Online Image: 73KB; 740 x 495 pixels

     
    Photo #: NH 105869

    USS Calamares
    (ID # 3662)

    Leaving Pauillac, France, 29 November 1918, "with first load of Sailors to come back since Armistice was signed".
    The original photograph is printed on post card ("AZO") stock bearing the mark of the Modern Photo Shop, 46 Sands Street, Brooklyn, New York.
    The reverse side of the original post card is seen in Photo # NH 105869-A.
    See Photo # NH 104951 for another copy of this photo.

    Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2008.

    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

    Online Image: 57KB; 740 x 480 pixels

     
    Photo #: NH 105869-A

    USS Calamares
    (ID # 3662)

    Reverse side of a photograph of the ship leaving Pauillac, France, on 29 November 1918.
    The original photograph is printed on post card ("AZO") stock bearing the mark of the Modern Photo Shop, 46 Sands Street, Brooklyn, New York.
    The front side of the original post card is seen in Photo # NH 105869.

    Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2008.

    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

    Online Image: 68KB; 740 x 495 pixels

     
    Photo #: NH 106347

    USS Calamares
    (ID # 3662)

    Leaving St. Nazaire, France in 1919, transporting homeward bound men of the 18th Division.

    Photograph from the collection of Robert H. Helm, donated by Mr. & Mrs. Robert Helm, 2008.

    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

    Online Image: 81KB; 740 x 490 pixels

     
    Photo #: NH 95001

    A Navy Band


    Plays on the dock of a French port, as a group of Sailors stand in formation upon arrival for World War I overseas service, 1919.
    USS Calamares (ID # 3662) is in the background.

    Courtesy of Paul H. Silverstone, 1983.

    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

    Online Image: 69KB; 740 x 455 pixels

     
    Photo #: NH 82951

    "The Original U.S. Troop Transports"


    Chart compiled 16 August 1919, showing the number of trans-Atlantic "turn arounds" and their average duration for thirty seven U.S. Navy troop transports employed during and immediately after World War I.

    Collection of the USS Pocahontas Reunion Association, 1974.

    U.S. Naval History and Heritage Command Photograph.

    Online Image: 157KB; 690 x 655 pixels

    Click here to rotate chart 90 degrees clockwise

     


    For more images related to this ship, see:

  • USS Calamares (AF-18, previously ID # 3662) -- Overall Views taken during the World War II Era; and
  • USS Calamares (AF-18, previously ID # 3662) -- On Board and Close Up Views taken during the World War II Era.


    NOTES:

  • To the best of our knowledge, the pictures referenced here are all in the Public Domain, and can therefore be freely downloaded and used for any purpose.

  • Some images linked from this page bear obsolete credit lines citing the organization name: "Naval Historical Center". Effective 1 December 2008 the name should be cited as: "Naval History and Heritage Command".


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    Page made 27 November 2004
    New image added 16 February 2009