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UNITED STATES NAVY
TEMPORARY AUXILIARY SHIPS
WORLD WAR I

Photo # NH 70457:  S.S. Eurana in neutrality markings, circa 1917

Online Library of Selected Images:
-- U.S. NAVY SHIPS --

USS Eurana (ID # 1594), 1918-1919.
Originally S.S. Eurana (American Freighter, 1916). Later S.S. Alamar

USS Eurana, a 9300-ton (displacement) cargo ship and troop transport, was built at San Francisco, California, in 1916 as the 5915 gross ton freighter of the same name. On 27 August 1917, while operating commercially in the central Atlantic, she was unsuccessfully attacked by an enemy submarine. Acquired by the U.S. Navy and placed in commission in mid-September 1918, Eurana was employed by the the Naval Overseas Transportation Service carrying war material between the United States and France. She was transferred to the Cruiser and Transport Force early in March 1919 and was thereafter used as a troop transport, bringing nearly 1900 World War I veterans home from Europe.

Decommissioned in October 1919, Eurana returned to commercial employment. Her name was changed to Alamar in about 1930. On 27 May 1942, while carrying munitions, vehicles, fuel and other cargo to the Soviet Union as part of Convoy PQ-16, she was attacked by German aircraft near Bear Island. Struck by a bomb, she caught fire, was abandoned and sank. All 45 of her crew members and Naval Armed Guard were rescued, but 26 of these lost their lives when the ship transporting them back to the U.S. was sunk after accidently entering a defensive minefield off Iceland.

This page features, and provides links to, all the views that are available concerning USS Eurana (ID # 1594) and the civilian freighter Eurana of 1916.


Click on the small photograph to prompt a larger view of the same image.

Photo #: NH 70457

S.S. Eurana
(American Freighter, 1916)

Wearing neutrality markings, circa 1917, prior to U.S. entry into World War I.
This ship served as USS Eurana (ID # 1594) between September 1918 and October 1919.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 62KB; 740 x 485 pixels

 
Photo #: NH 104762

S.S. Eurana
(American Freighter, 1916)

In a U.S. East Coast port, 20 April 1917.
Eurana's foremast, pilothouse and smokestack are visible in the center of the photograph, behind the warehouse and timber stacks. Building at right is marked "East Coast Navigation Co.".

Donation of Dr. Mark Kulikowski, 2007.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 42KB; 740 x 500 pixels

 
Photo #: NH 105201

USS Eurana
(ID # 1594)

In port, circa 1918-1919.
This freighter was built in 1916 as S.S. Eurana.

U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph.

Online Image: 32KB; 740 x 225 pixels

 


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Page made 15 August 2007