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USNS Shearwater (T-AG 177).
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Class: SHEARWATER (T-AG 177)
Design: Army FS Design 381 (176', steel)
Displacement (tons): 500 light, 935 full.
Dimensions (feet): 176.5' oa, 172' wl x 32.0' e x 10'
Armament: none
Accommodations: unk.
Speed (kts.): 11
Propulsion (HP): 1,000
Machinery: Geared diesel, 2 screws

177SHEARWATER10 Apr 1964Hickinbotham Bros., Stockton, Cal.4 Apr 1943Apr 1945Mar 1964

AGNameTDecommStrikeDisposalFateMA Sale
177SHEARWATER196924 Jun 196724 Jun 1967Trf--

Class Notes:
On 26 March 1964 the Army approved the transfer of its small cargo ship FS 411 to the Navy, and on 29 March 1964 MSTS accepted custody of the ship at the Beaver Army Terminal at Clatskanie, Oregon. On 10 April 1964 SECNAV assigned the classification AG 177 and name SHEARWATER (an oceanic migratory bird) to the former FS 411. SHEARWATER was placed in service and appeared on the Navy list on 1 May 1964. MSTS assumed responsibility for the operation of the ship in accordance with an agreement with the Commanding General of the Deseret Test Center, Fort Douglas, Utah as sponsor to provide a small ship in support of the Deseret Test Center's project in the remote Pacific Islands. According to the Washington Post of 12 May 1985 (see also Science Magazine, 21 February 1969) this project was probably two separate missions existing side by side: a Smithsonian study of bird migratory patterns and a classified Army effort to find "safe" sites for atmospheric testing of biological weapons in the Pacific. (Migratory birds were among the potential hazards because they could spread the toxins.)

On 9 May 1967 MSTS informed CNO that the ship would not be required after 30 June 1967 in support of the Deseret project, and since the Army had requested that the ship be returned to it upon conclusion of the project MSTS requested that the ship be stricken from the NVR and that MSTS be authorized to transfer her back to the Army. The ship was redelivered to the Army at its depot at North Charleston, S.C., effective 24 June 1967. The Army sold the ship, although exact dates and details are lost with other Army ship records.

SHEARWATER eventually ended up with Omega Protein, a Menhaden fishing concern that converted her to a purse seiner out of Reedville, Virginia. Omega also acquired RANGE RECOVERER (AGM 2) and gave her a similar conversion. SHEARWATER retained her name while RANGE RECOVERER became REEDVILLE. In 2013, Omega acquired two new purpose-built vessels to replace the World War II-era conversions and eventually donated SHEARWATER and REEDVILLE as artificial reefs. SHEARWATER was reefed on 11 December 2015 off southern Delaware at 38°31.661′N, 74°30.607′W. The reefing operation did not go well and she ended up on her side.

Ship Notes:
177SHEARWATERT(ex-FS 411, compl. Apr 1945). Returned to the Army 24 June 1967. Scuttled as artificial reef 11 Dec 2015.

Page Notes:
Compiled: 18 Oct 2021
© Stephen S. Roberts, 2021